Anaerobic digestion steps

Anaerobic digestion is a biological process, which is used for the treatment and valorisation of organic waste. Generally It goes through the four steps, as mentionned above, and which are hydrolysis, acidogenesis, acetogenesis and methanogenesis. In the case of co-digestion biodegradable solid waste is added at the head of the process. A preliminary stage of disintegration of the substrate, which is in general a nonbiological step for the transformation of the complex polysaccharide, lipids and proteins, is considered (Thiele, 1991).

2.2.1 Hydrolysis

The hydrolysis is an extracellular process in which complex particulate organic substances (proteins, polysaccharides, lipids, cellulose… etc) are broken up into simple soluble compounds (acid amino, simple, acid sugars fatty, glycerol. etc). It is a significant stage before the process of fermentation, because the fermentative bacteria cannot absorb complex organic polymers directly in their cells. The hydrolytic enzymes include the cellulase, the cellobiase, the xylanase and amylase for the decomposition of sugar polysaccharides, the protease for the degradation of the protein in amino acids, and lipase for the degradation of the glycerol lipids and the fatty acids with long chain (LCFA) (Batstone & al., 2002 and Kaseng & al., 1992).

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