Anaerobic filters

fact clogging by biosolids, influent suspended solids, and precipitated minerals is the main problem for this system. Applications of both upflow and downflow packed bed processes can be observed. Prevention of methanogens found at the lower levels of the reactor from the toxicity of hydrogen sulfide by stripping sulfide in the upper part of the column and solids removal from the top by gas recirculation can easily be achieved in downflow systems in comparison to upflow systems. However, there is a higher risk of losing biosolids to the effluent in the downflow systems. Design OLR is often in the range of 8-16 kg COD/m3-d which is more than tenfold higher than the design loading rates for aerobic processes (Rittmann and McCarty, 2001).

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