Iodine value

The iodine value of the feedstocks used in this study, which is a measure of unsaturation degree, was in the range of 70-78 mg I2/100 g. According to JUS EN 14214 [JUS EN 14214:2004], MEs used as diesel fuel must have an iodine value less than 120 g I2 per 100 g of sample. Methyl esters obtained in this study had iodine value in the range 72-80g I2/100 g and this finding is in accordance to the fatty acid composition, i. e. the calculated total unsa­turation degree of MEs (see Table 4). Iodine value depends on the feedstock origin and greatly influences fuel oxidation tendency. Consequently, in order to avoid oxidation.

1.5.2. Saponification value

The saponification value represents milligrams of potassium hydroxide required to saponify one gram of fat or oil. The obtained results indicated that in general, esters had higher sapo­nification values than the corresponding oils. Saponification values of the feedstocks and products analyzed here, ranged from 199 to 207 mg KOH/g oil. However, knowing that a triglyceride has 3 fatty acid chains associated and each triglyceride will give 3 methyl esters, stoichiometrically it may be expected that the same amount of fatty acid carbon chain in neat feedstock oil and the biodiesel will react with the same amount of KOH giving the soaps, i. e. their saponification values will be the same. But, could this assumption be also applied on the waste frying oils knowing that their properties differ significantly from the neat oils as a consequence of cyclization, polymerization and degradation of fatty acids.

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