Japan: experience of radioactive waste (RAW) management and contaminated site clean-up

H. RIN D O, K. TAKAHASHI and M. TACHIB ANA, Nuclear Cycle Backend Directorate, Japan

DOI: 10.1533/9780857097446.2.723

Abstract: This chapter summarizes the current strategy and policy for radioactive waste management in Japan which has been hindered by a lack of public acceptance and of a final high level waste end-point (geological repository). Ongoing decommissioning of several nuclear facilities, including the Tokai-1 NPP, the Advanced Thermal Reactor ‘Fugen’ and the Plutonium Fuel Fabrication Facility (PFFF), are described.

Key words: radioactive waste treatment, radioactive waste disposal, decommissioning and dismantling, nuclear facilities, policy and strategy, Japan.

22.2 Introduction

This chapter was written largely before the Fukushima accident, details of which and the clean-up programme are included in the next chapter. However, not only nuclear policy but also nuclear safety regulation in Japan is likely to change in the future.

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