Exempt waste (EW)

EW contains such low concentrations of radionuclides that it does not require radiation protection provisions. EW may be re-used, disposed of in general waste landfill facilities, disposed of in hazardous chemical disposal facilities or be recycled. EW needs to be cleared/exempted in terms of approved clearance/exemption criteria [6].

Very short-lived waste (VSLW)

VSLW contains short-lived radionuclides with a longer lived radionuclide content within approved clearance/exemption criteria. VSLW is treated by decay to a point where the short-lived radionuclides have also reached approved clearance/exemption criteria, whereafter it is managed as EW.

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