Initial research for a deep geological disposal facility

Since the late 1960s, HLW and LL-ILW, mainly from French nuclear fuel processing, has been stored in the plants at La Hague and Marcoule pending a final disposal option. The proposed solution was to dispose of them in deep geological formations — stable for millions of years — the only ones likely to contain the waste effectively over these timescales. Therefore, in 1982 ANDRA began to collaborate with countries that are already carrying out detailed studies of various rocks for underground disposal:

• in Mol, Belgium, in clay,

• in Asse, Germany, in a former salt mine,

• at Grimsel, Switzerland, in granite.

In 1987, after documentary studies, ANDRA tasked its geologists with conducting investigations at four sites in France where the geology was deemed favourable to the installation of underground laboratories to study the feasibility of a deep repository:

• in the Deux Sevres Department (granite)

• in Maine et Loire Department (shale)

• in the Ain Department (saline formations)

• in the Aisne Department (clay).

However, public protests in these territories meant that after three years, the Prime Minister, Michel Rocard, eager to break the deadlock on a very important issue for the development of the nuclear industry, announced a one-year moratorium for all these projects.

Добавить комментарий

Ваш e-mail не будет опубликован. Обязательные поля помечены *