National policy in the field of RAW management and responsibility of main ‘players’

National policy in the field of RAW management

Major principles of state policy in the field of RAW management are stated in the laws of Ukraine ‘On the Use of Nuclear Energy and Radiation Safety’ and ‘On Radioactive Waste Management’. They are as follows:

• priority to protection of personnel, population and environment against the impact of RAW;

• isolation of RAW from the environment;

• regulatory control of RAW management;

• separation of the regulatory functions and RAW management functions;

• responsibility of RAW producers for its safety;

• decisions on siting of new RAW management facilities taking into account society’s opinions;

• prohibition of transfer to Ukraine of RAW for storage or disposal.

The principles of State policy in the field of spent fuel (SF) management are stated in the law of Ukraine ‘On the Use of Nuclear Energy and Radia­tion Safety’. Energy Strategy (2006) defines the steps in the implementation of the so-called ‘deferred’ decision for SF of Ukrainian NPPs — long-term (up to 50 years and more) storage of SF with subsequent approval of final decision on either processing or disposal.

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