Safety and regulatory issues

One of the points that should be explored is to what extent a regulatory framework is of utmost importance for the implementation of ER pro­grammes. But this is not enough. On top of that, regulatory requirements must be well understood by all the sides involved, something that is espe­cially challenging when one takes into account the philosophical elements embodied in the radiation protection principles. Despite international rec­ommendations, final, mandatory decisions are taken in political and judici­ary environments that do not necessarily possess the proper technical background, often leading to total removal of the contamination and exces­sive (and unnecessary) expenditures (greenfield rather than brownfield and redevelopment). It may be useful to discuss the regulatory differences in different countries (on the basis of economics or social-cultural-political environments). How best to transfer the experience from one country to another? How to establish a better flow of information between scientific community, regulators and industries? Are the industries aware of, and do they possess, a good understanding of the rationale behind the regulatory requirements? How do industries perceive the existing regulatory frame­work? How to improve co-operation between regulators and other players? To what extent should international guidance (e. g., from the IAEA) be tailored to individual countries? How much flexibility should be allowed for reference doses? Prescriptive (e. g., radioactive concentrations) v. non­prescriptive (e. g., cost-benefit analyses) approaches is a crucial issue.

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