Organization and training

The organization responsible for implementing the remediation activities should have, or should have access to, competent staff to cover the following areas adequately:

• safety requirements of any permits or authorizations issued;

• regulatory standards and issues;

• radiation protection;

• conventional industrial hazards;

• data collection and evaluation;

• environmental monitoring;

• quality assurance and quality control;

• radiochemical analysis;

• geological and hydrogeological expertise;

• waste management;

• site security;

• project management (IAEA, 2006a); and

• skills and (human, technical and scientific) resources to tackle the ER challenges safely and cost-effectively.

In many cases contractors may be used to perform some or all steps of the remediation plan; however, the responsible party (licencee), as identified by the regulatory body, is required to remain responsible for the safety of all activities, including those performed by contractors. Non-radiological hazards, such as hazards due to chemical contamination, may also be present, and existing staff may not be familiar with the various aspects of the requirements for protection against these hazards. Appropriate levels of control, supervision and training should be provided to ensure the safety of workers (including contractors) with regard to all hazards.

All persons involved in the remediation should be made familiar with the contaminated area, the hazards and the safety procedures for the safe and effective performance of their duties. Specialized training may be needed in certain areas of work. For some activities, the use of mock-ups and models in training can enhance efficiency and safety. The requirements for a basic training programme and for re-training should be stated in the remediation plan.

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