Military activities and the production, testing and use of nuclear weapons

The manufacture of nuclear weapons involves the handling, transport and storage of large quantities of radioactive materials. The testing of weapons may involve nuclear yield and the release of fission products and activation products, or may involve the deliberate dispersal of radioactive materials in the environment. Some military use is made of depleted uranium which may contain fission products if obtained from reprocessed fuel. All of these activities have, in the past, resulted in contaminated sites, many of very large areas. Detailed examples are given in Part III of this book (Chapters 25-27).

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8.1 Abandoned apartment building in the contaminated area near Chernobyl.

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