Very low level waste (VLLW)

The VLLW category comprises the wastes for which the activity concentra­tion is slightly higher than that required for EW, but VLLW does not need a high level of containment and isolation. Landfill type facilities with limited regulatory control, used, for example, for other non-radioactive hazardous waste, can be used for disposal. A typical source of such waste is decom­missioning of nuclear facilities, when large volumes of very low contami­nated soil, rubble, concrete, thermal insulation, etc., are generated. Concentrations of long-lived radionuclides (e. g., nuclear fuel components) in VLLW are generally very limited.

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