RUTA-TE

A number of small medium-size nuclear power plants have been developed by RDIPE in Russia for district heating which can also be used for seawater desalination.

RUTA-TE is a pool-type thermal reactor that can be used for the cogeneration of electricity and power. The RUTA concept has already been described earlier in the book and more details are given in (RDIPE, 1994; Grechko et al., 1998). It can be used in conjunction with an RO process or together with a distillation process. The latter is expected to be the more economic with this power source.

14.4.1 NHR-200/Desalination Plant

This concept is being considered by the Institute of Nuclear Energy, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China (Zhang et al., 1998). The NHR-200 is an integral light water reactor

Table 14.5. Desalination water reactors

Reactor

Type

Rating (MWt)

Country

RUTA-TE

LWR pool type

70

Russia

NHR-200

LWR pool type

200

China

KLT-40C

PWR

80

Russia

NIKA-120M/300

PWR

70-300

Russia

UNITHERM

PWR

15

Russia

SMART

PWR

330 (Cogeneration)

Korea

MAPS

PHWR

200 MWe (Cogeneration)

India

Data from IAEA-TECDOC-1056 (1998) and IEA/OECD (NEA)/IAEA (2002).

(introduced in the previous section). The proposed options for the desalination system are based on the steam generator and MED process for water production as a single process or with a steam generator and MED process for co-generation of water and electricity (Duo et al., 1995).

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