Ukraine

There are currently 13 reactors operating in the Ukraine, producing a sizeable fraction of the country’s electricity requirement. In 2000 for example, the figure was 45.3%

Location/units

Reactor type

Capacity (MWe)

Start up

Khmelnitski 2

VVER

953

2004

Rovno 4

VVER

953

2006

World Nuclear Association (2003).

(at this time Chernobyl 3 was still operating) (World Nuclear Association, 2003). The current reactors operating are of VVER design at Khmelnitski 1, Rovno 1-3, South Ukraine 1-3 and Zaporozhe 1-6, making the Zaporozhe station the largest operating station in Europe.

There are currently five reactors at certain stages under construction. In 2000, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development approved the completion of Khmelnitski 2 and Rovno 4 (Table 9.8). The scheduled dates for commissioning are 2004 and 2006, respectively. Construction on the remaining three, Khmelnitski 3 & 4 and South Ukraine 4 was stalled indefinitely.

Ukraine is setting up special working groups to consider proposals for management of the country’s nuclear waste (Foratom e-Bulletin, 2003b). These will be put forward in 2003. A pioneering method for the treatment of nuclear waste is being developed via collaboration with Russia and France. It was observed after the Chernobyl accident that the substance chitin, occurring naturally in fungi and insects, is an extractor of heavy metals such as uranium and plutonium. It is being investigated whether this process could be applicable to the processing on spent nuclear fuel.

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