European Utility Requirements (EUR)

The EUR were initiated in 1992 by a group of major European utilities from Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Spain and the Netherlands. The group was later expanded in 1996, to include Finland and Sweden (IAEA-TECDOC-968, 1997). The initial objective was to develop a set of common safety requirements to be agreed eventually with the regulators. Later the intention was to extend the scope towards the development of standardised designs that would be licensable in the various countries in Europe. The intention was to facilitate the movement of nuclear industry in the European Union towards the open common market policy, while recognising the role of the independent national regulating authorities.

The EUR Document (EURD) covers the principal policies and high-level requirements. It also includes generic requirements for nuclear utilities that are not specific to a particular design. It does, however, also include some requirements for specific designs that are of interest to the countries that are participating in the initiative.

The EURD has been used in the development of the EPR design by the French and German companies, Framatome and Siemens, respectively. It has also been used for the design and development of the European Passive PWR (EPP) and the European Simplified BWR (ESBWR).

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