The security of nuclear installations has become an issue following the concerns of global terrorism in recent years. Draft guidelines are being drawn up by the IAEA to enable utilities to carry out self-assessment of the safety and security of their installations. There is a general impetus to promote interaction between staff from safety and security backgrounds and to harmonise terminology. The safety and security of radioactive sources has been identified as an issue by IAEA, following the accidental overexposure of individuals from ‘orphan’ sources and from concerns arising out of September 11, 2001.

An IAEA international conference on the security of radioactive sources addressed this issue in 2003 (IAEA International Conference, 2003b).

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