Category Archives: BIOGAS 1

South Africa

Philippi biogas project is funded by the working for energy programme of South Africa, and it is situated in horticultural area zoned as agricultural land[8]. Two digesters have been constructed on site and each of them is 10 m3. The total plant capacity could 12000 — 15000 litres of biogas per batch load. This is equivalent to 25kw per batch […]

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Organic Loading Rate (OLR)

The OLR variation can be derived from either variation in influent chemical oxygen demand (COD) or variation in flow rate with constant COD. An increase in OLR beyond the optimum level is followed by a decrease in the main process parameters such as COD removal, specific methane production. In addition, high amount of suspended solids "known as biomass wash-out" are […]

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Static vs. dynamic simulation

Static simulation means to execute a simulation for a fixed time; it is therefore good and often used for checking a set of scenarios or planning alternatives. Dynamic simulation reflects the changes of variables over time. This can be applied for historical data or for the future (based on forecasts). In case of reconstruction and tracking of certain values in […]

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SPI evaluation

Based on the economic results of the PNS optimization and previous SPI evaluation of different intercrops, a footprint for the PNS results was calculated. The evaluation includes every substrate, transport, net electricity and infrastructure for fermenters and CHP units. SPIonExcel already provides a huge database of LCIA datasets which can be used for modeling the scenarios. In case of intercrops […]

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Gas processing unit

Chandrasekar (2006) demonstrated the gas processing unit (GPU). In stage one biogas from the digester will be cleaned of moisture droplets, particulates and hydrogen sulfide. The cleaned gas mixture, which consists primarily of methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2), will be then converted in stage 2 to ultra-high purity hydrogen in a steam reformer. As a first step to realize […]

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Ethanol production from common grasses

As pointed out by Barber et al., (2010) perennial grasses benefit the environment in numerous ways. They help to reduce climate change, increase energy efficiency and will constitute a sustainable energy resource for the world. Switchgrass, the most widely used perennial grass for biofuels, is also in such a manner, beneficial to both farmers as well as energy consumers in […]

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Rheological characterization of biogas reactor fluids

When considering the rheology for biogas reactors their viscosity is estimated to correspond to a given TS of the reactor fluid. This is mainly based on historically rheological data from sewage sludge with known TS values. However, problems may arise when using these TS relationships for other types of substrates which may impose other rheological characteristics of the reactor fluids. […]

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H2S elimination tests in the biofilter

Different dilutions of the biogas stream produced in the AD at an initial concentration of 3000 ppmv of H2S were prepared by mixing the biogas with humidified air. Two empty-bed residence times (EBRT), 31 and 85 s, were chosen for the performance of the reactor during the H2S and VFA biodegradation tests. Increasing mass loading rates from 99 g/m3h to […]

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