Category Archives: Alcoholic Fuels

Alcoholic Fuels

Preface In the 1880s, Henry Ford developed a prototype automobile (the quadracycle) that could be operated with ethanol as fuel. Historians say that Ford always believed that the Model T and his future cars would use alcohol as fuel because it was a renewable energy source and would boost the agricultural economy. Over a century later, research has finally brought […]

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METHANOL

Methanol (also called methyl alcohol) is the simplest of alcohols. Its chemical structure is CH3OH. It is produced most frequently from wood and wood by­products, which is why it is frequently called wood alcohol. It is a colorless liquid that is quite toxic. The LD50 for oral consumption by a rate is 5628 mg/kg. The LD50 for absorption by the […]

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ETHANOL

Ethanol (also known as ethyl alcohol) is the most common of alcohols. It is the form of alcohol that is in alcoholic beverages and is easily produced from com, sugar, or fruits through fermentation of carbohydrates. Its chemical structure is CH3CH2OH. It is less toxic than methanol. The LD50 for oral consumption by a rat is 7060 mg/kg [5]. The […]

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BUTANOL

Butanol is the most complex of the alcohol-based fuels. It is a four-carbon alcohol with a structure of CH3CH2CH2CH2OH. Butanol is more toxic than either meth­anol or ethanol. The LD50 for oral consumption of butanol by a rat is 790 mg/kg. The LD50 for skin adsorption of butanol by a rabbit is 3400 mg/kg. The boiling point of butanol is […]

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PROPANOL

Although propanols are three carbon alcohols with the general formula C3H8O, they are rarely used as fuels. Isopropanol (also called rubbing alcohol) is fre­quently used as a disinfectant and considered to be a better disinfectant than ethanol, but it is rarely used as a fuel. It is a colorless liquid like the other alcohols and is flammable. It has a […]

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TECHNOLOGY

Overview Methanol is produced by a catalytic reaction of carbon monoxide (CO), carbon dioxide (CO2), and hydrogen (H2). These gases, together called synthesis gas, are generally produced from natural gas. One can also produce synthesis gas from other organic substances, such as biomass. A train of processes to convert biomass to required gas specifications precedes the methanol reactor. These processes […]

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