Category Archives: BIOGAS

Case study

Figure 1 shows three potential decentralized locations for biogas production. As there is a spa town located in the considered region it was not possible to contemplate a fourth, central location for a fermenter as it would infringe with the touristy activity there. There is already an existing district heating network in town that should be extended. The heat needed […]

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Sources of energy for cooking

The source of energy varied from one category to another across the three wealth ranks. Nevertheless, fuelwood dominated energy sources in all the three categories, where over 77% of the respondents were using fuelwood for cooking (Table 4), followed by biogas, very few of the respondents were using charcoal. No-one was using electricity for cooking.

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Static yield stress

The static yield stress (ts) is the yield stress measured in an undisturbed fluid while dynamic yield stress is the shear stress a fluid must be exposed to in order to become liquid and start flowing. The fact that both dynamic yield stress and static yield stress sometimes may appear is explained by the existence of two different structures of […]

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Bioenergy production from different kinds of wastewaters

Methanogenic anaerobic digestion is a classical anaerobic bioconversion process that has been practiced for over a century and used in full-scale facilities worldwide. This is a complicated process that involves a mixture of population of microorganisms and several gasses and liquid products, thus strict process control and product purification are required. Biogas production have been demonstrated in numerous studies with […]

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Acidogenesis

The acidogenic step consists of a degradation of produced components from the hydrolysis step, by the action of acidogenic and fermentative bacteria. It leads to the formation of a mixture of: organic acids, volatile fatty acid (VFA), alcohols, hydrogen, carbon dioxide, ammonium, etc.

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Investigation of chitosan in different forms

Chitosan is available commercially in three forms: solution, flake and powder. The prices of chitosan in the forms of solution, flake and powder range between 50 to 70 baht/L, 700 to 900 baht/kg and 750 to 2,300 baht/kg, respectively. Chitosan in the form of freely moving polymeric chains has previously been found to enhance sludge granulation and shorten the start-up […]

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