Category Archives: Bioenergy

Summary

NFC as eco-friendly materials, have been emerged as an alternative to the tradi­tional glass/carbon-reinforced polymer composites. They are attractive materials for different applications like packaging, furniture, and automotive industries. Such materials have several advantages like, the low cost, acceptable mechanical proper­ties, good thermal and acoustic insulating properties, availability, CO2 sequestration enhanced energy recovery, etc. The properties and performance of the […]

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Potential Areas of Abaca-Fiber Application

1. As per the “End-of-Life-Vehicle Regulation” by the European parliament, the natural fibers like abaca will be used in designing and manufacturing of car com­ponents which will enable their safe disposal and recyclability at the end of their life. Moreover, research is being conducted to develop needle punched abaca fabric for possible use in the production of padding and backing […]

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Hydrophobic-Oleophilic Property

Kapok fiber contains the pectin and wax substances that contribute to its hydro­phobic-oleophilic characteristic. On the glass slide coated with kapok extract, the diesel drop and water drop will show a different spreading radius and contact angle. The diesel drop can spread out rapidly, and in contrast, the water drop cannot spread out on the glass slide. As a result, […]

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Final Remarks

One third of the total primary energy is contributed by straw in sugarcane as a crop. Sugarcane also possesses some characteristics which are very similar to widely used bagasse. This makes it a very good fuel to bagasse supplement. It can contrib­ute to surplus power generation in the mills. For the second generation production of biofuels, straw can be efficiently […]

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Light

The key ingredient to initiate photosynthesis is light as it is involved in the conver­sion of carbon dioxide to carbohydrates. As compared to higher plants, algae require relatively low intensity of light for proper development. Solar waves are

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Optimization of Parameters for Chemical Activation Reaction

The utilization of renewable and cheaper precursors to prepare activated carbon produces useful and economically feasible adsorbent but also contributes towards minimizing the solid wastes. The preparation method can be optimized to deter­mine the effect of the main parameters associated with the process are: Impregnation ratio, activation temperature, acid concentration, activation time, the precursor materials nature, the activation type (chemical […]

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Conclusions & Future Endeavor

J. curcas owing to its remarkable features appears to be a suitable valuable option to meet energy demands world. Low technology inputs are requirements during cultivation step, where most of the management actions are done manually (pruning and harvesting, mainly), to harness oil reduces the investment required to generate a unit quantity of biofuels.

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Lin ear Density

The linear density of bamboo fiber is calculated to be 1.44 (Erdumlu and Ozipek 2008) . It is approximately one eighth of the density of mild steel whereas its tensile strength is higher than mild steel. Hence this fiber can be used as an alternate of plastic fibers for formation of many materials (Jindal 1986). Linear density of auto­claved bamboo […]

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Applications of Bagasse Fibers

4.5.1 Oil Spill Sorption The nonwoven material made from bagasse fiber is an efficient method of cleaning up oil spills. For the removal of contaminant oil from water, carbonized pith bagasse is being used as an adsorbent. The extracted fibers from bagasse and carbonized at 300 °C were found to have a high performance for sorption. The carbonized pith bagasse […]

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Proposed Leaf Scrapping Machine

The model was adapted to process A. comosus leaves from the first and second crops, which present different quantities of leaves (an average of 69 leaves in plants of the first crop and 105 leaves in plants of the second crop), as well as leaf lengths varying from 30 to 140 cm (Fig. 7.1). The machine’s dimensions are 105 cm […]

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