Category Archives: Small modular reactors (SMRs) the case of Russia

SMR projects being developed by joint stock company (JSC) AKME Engineering in Russia

The JSC AKME Engineering (AKME Engineering, 2013), a joint venture of the State Atomic Energy Corporation Rosatom and the private JSC EvroSibEnergo, hasdeveloped the design of the SVBR-100 reactor. The SVBR-100 is a small modular reactor of 101.5 MW(e) per module cooled by lead-bismuth eutectics. It is based on the experience of the propulsion reactors of the Russian alpha-class submarines […]

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Technology lock-in and decarbonization

If fossil technology is locked in for the developing world, with its growing energy needs (IEA, 2011), then even if high-income countries achieve more rapid decarbonization, the deleterious environmental effects will nevertheless be shared by all for longer. Conversely, once carbon is penalized, however, existing investment in CO2-emitting energy types may need to be trashed (Stern, 2012), thus wasting the […]

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Level 4: Control of severe plant conditions, including prevention of accident progression and mitigation of consequences of severe accidents

Contributions of inherent and passive features of ACP100 at this defense in depth level are as follows: when core uncover is assumed, only for analytic purposes, low heat-up rates of fuel elements in the exposed part of the core are predicted, if the geometry is still intact. The characteristic time of core melting is long, eventually preventing temperature excursion due […]

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Deployment of SMRs in Japan

Except for the small nuclear power stations constructed around 1970, there has been no deployment of SMRs in Japan. After the severe earthquake on March 11, 2011, followed by the severe accident at the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power station, deployment of nuclear power plants has basically been frozen in Japan, including deployment of SMRs in Japan. Since the policy for […]

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SMRs being developed by NIKIET in Russia

The JSC NIKIET named after N. A. Dollezhal (NIKIET, 2013) — an enterprise belonging to the State Atomic Energy Corporation Rosatom — develops conceptual designs of the two factory fueled SMRs intended for autonomous (unmanned) operation over a long refueling interval within a land-based and a seabed-based NPP. The first of this designs, named UNITHERM, is a somewhat unusual indirect […]

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Sustainable energy choices and the role of debt

The trade-offs can be heavy. Developing countries would be penalized and their access to international development aid and even infrastructural finance could be imperilled because in the increasingly carbon-constrained environment, under new standards, the use of polluting fossil fuel and concomitant water usage would prevent them from meeting carbon-reduction targets and harm the environment.

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Deployment of SMRs in PR of China

18.4.1 HTR-200 With the HTR-10 operation and experiments serving as a supporting technological test bed, the HTR-200 commercial demonstration plant is being promoted. China Huaneng Corporation, China Nuclear Engineering Construction Corporation and Tsinghua University have established Huaneng Nuclear Power Development Co., Ltd. After siting evaluation, conceptual design, basic design, safety analyses and Fukushima accident safety inspection, the Chinese government officially […]

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Small modular reactors (SMRs) the case of developing countries

D. Goodman Consultant, USA 20.1 Introduction The planet is experiencing a combination of increased economic output from the global South with acute and cumulative effects of climate change that affect poorer countries the most, a heightened general awareness of the disparities of quality of life, and a deficit of social trust (UNDP, 2013). The current global predicament demands a revaluation.

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