Category Archives: Fast Breeder Reactor Programs: History and Status

Experimental Breeder Reactor-II

Experimental Breeder Reactor-II (EBR-II) was arguably the most successful of the U. S. fast reactors. See figure 7.2. It was a 62.5 MWt, 20 megawatt electric (MWe), sodium-cooled, "pool-type" reactor, i. e. the heat exchangers for transferring heat to a secondary loop of liquid sodium were submerged in the reactor vessel. It was designed by ANL and constructed, beginning in […]

Read more

Priority shifts after the Monju accident

The Monju accident triggered a significant shift in Japan’s fast breeder reactor program. After the accident, the JAEC established an ad-hoc "Roundtable Committee on FBR" to develop new policies. Prof. J. Nishizawa of Tohoku University, who was not a fast breeder reactor expert, chaired the committee. The Committee also included experts from outside the nuclear community, including Mr. Yukio Okamoto […]

Read more

The AEA Annual Report 1965-66 reported that

The inner and outer breeder sections of the DFR were originally loaded in 1958 with natural uranium elements clad in stainless steel. Early in 1965 it was found that a few of the lightly irradiated elements in the outer breeder were difficult to remove, although the inner breeder elements were in good condition. A comprehensive survey of the outer breeder […]

Read more

The short life of the first commercial breeder reactor — Fermi 1

The Enrico Fermi Atomic Power Plant (Fermi 1) was the brainchild of Walker L. Cisler, who in 1951 became president and general manager, and later CEO and chair of the board of Detroit Edison. Nuclear energy had caught Cisler’s attention in 1947 when he joined an AEC advisory committee on how to make connections with private industry. In December 1951, […]

Read more

Status

The 2005 Long Term Plan was renamed the Framework for Nuclear Energy Policy and established a new fast breeder reactor commercialization target of 2050.7 In 2006, the Sub-committee on Nuclear Energy Policy of the Government’s Advisory Council on Energy published Japan’s Nuclear Power National Plan, which laid out detailed policy measures based on the JAEC’s framework.8 The Nuclear Power National […]

Read more

Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Development in the 1960s and 1970s

Despite the commercial failure of Fermi 1, the U. S. Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactor (LMFBR) development effort picked up momentum in the 1960s, aiming for commercialization of the breeder before the end of the century.31 In its 1962 Report to the President on Civilian Nuclear Power, the AEC specifically recommended that future government programs include vigorous development and timely […]

Read more

Organizational Commitments

In 1967, a special law established PNC with the mission to develop indigenous fast breeder reactors and their associated fuel cycle technologies. This mission endured after the Monju accident in 1995 when PNC was renamed the Japan Nuclear Fuel Cycle Development Institute (JNC). JNC subsequently merged with the Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI), a national research institution responsible for […]

Read more

In October 1971 the AEA’s "present expectations" were robust

It is estimated that, in only thirty years from now, over three quarters of all electricity in the United Kingdom will be generated from nuclear power and that more than half of this nuclear generation will stem from fast breeder reactors (to the development of which almost half the effort on the Authority’s reactor programme is currently geared).

Read more

LMFBR program expenditures

In 1975 the U. S. Government Accountability Office (GAO) estimated that the "AEC’s total LMFBR program funding through fiscal years 1948-74 was approximately $1.8 billion."42 GAO gave the LMFBR Program costs for fiscal year 1975 as $481 million,43 which, in 2006 dollars would be approximately $1.6 billion (figure 7.3). The commercialization effort featured two components, a base program R&D effort […]

Read more
1 2 3 4 5